The Types of Yoga

The term “yoga” is applied to an assortment of practices and techniques that also include Hindu, Jain and Buddhist practices. In Hinduism these practices include Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Laya Yoga and Hatha Yoga.

Ashtanga Yoga

Yoga Sutras of Pantajali, which can be the oldest acknowledged written compilation approximately yoga, consist of the Raja Yoga or the Ashtanga Yoga, (the 8 limbs to be practiced to achieve Samadhi). The closing goal of the yoga exercise is to reap Samadhi or solidarity of the individual self with the Supreme Being. Patanjali states that you may acquire this excellent union by means of removal the ‘vruttis’ or the distinct changes of the thoughts. The mind can in turn be controlled by way of right discipline and schooling of the body. The Yoga-Sutra of Patanjali include of:

Yama: Social restraints or moral values for living. They consist of: Ahimsa (Non-violence), Satya (truthfulness) Asteya (non-stealing), Brahmacharya (celibacy, fidelity to at least one’s companion) and Aparigraha (non-possessiveness).

Niyama – They consist of the non-public observances of – Sauca (clarity of thoughts, speech and body), Santosha (contentment), Tapas (perseverance). Svadhyaya (examine of self, self-mirrored image, study of Vedas), and Ishvara-Pranidhana (contemplation of God/Supreme Being/True Self)

Asana: Literally means “seat”, and in Patanjali’s Sutras refers back to the seated position used for meditation.

Pranayama -Prana, breath, “ayama”, to restrain or stop i.E., regulation of breath

Pratyahara – Withdrawal of the feel in education to meditation.

Dharana – Concentration

Dhyana – Meditation.

Samadhi – Liberating one’s body to obtain ecstasy.
Moreover, Patanjali has recognized some primary limitations that don’t permit the mind from practising yoga. He has divided them into 2 classes:

Antarayas (intruders within the direction of yoga)

Viksepasahabhuvah (co-present with mental distraction)
There are nine Antarayas:

Vyadhi (bodily illness) – If a body is affected by some sickness, it desires to be cured and restored to a wholesome nation. Disease reasons sickness of the mind and makes it hard to exercise yoga or some other shape of physical field

Styana (intellectual laziness) – The human preference to attain the end result of movement without any attempt is not conducive to intellectual fitness. Strong will power needs to be employed to dispose of this disorder.

Samshaya (doubt) – Faith is the handiest remedy to dispel all springing up doubts.

Pramada (heedlessness) – If one is oblivious to domesticate virtues, Yoga cannot be practiced.

Alasya (bodily laziness) – Involving in healthful sports facilitates triumph over this laziness

Avirati (detachment) – The thoughts wishes to be indifferent from material objects to attain Yoga

Bhrantidarsana (fake notion) – leads to self-conceit and needs to be kept away.

Alabdha- bhumikatva (non-attainment of yogic states) – Recognizing the evil developments in our personality and banishing them would help ultimately

Anavasthitatva (falling faraway from yogic states attained)
There are four Viksepasahabhuvah

Dukha – sorrow and struggling inflicting the human thoughts.

Daurmanasya – disappointment because of non-success of dreams and ambition.

Angamejayatva – restlessness of the limbs due to mental agitation.

Shvasa and prashvasa – compelled inhalation and exhalation. Controlled breathing or a stability in respiratory exerts a chilled affect within the mind.
Patanjali states that these impediments may be eliminated through meditation and devotion to God; a good way to pave the way for self-realization.

Vashishta Yoga:

Yoga Vashishta is supposed to had been disclosed by the Vedic sage, Vashishta to his royal disciple Lord Rama, who is stated to be a reincarnation of Lord Vishnu. Yoga Vashishta accommodates of 32000 shlokas. In this scripture, sage Vashishta explains the lessons of Vedanta in shape of testimonies to Lord Rama. He teaches him about the misleading nature of the world, teaches him the pleasant means to acquire wisdom and happiness thus displaying him the path leading to the superb spirit.

Kundalini Yoga (Laya Yoga):

This form of yoga changed into first added in The Yoga- Kundalini Upanishad within the first 1/2 of 17th century. Kundalini yoga is the yoga of awareness. Kundalini is primal power or Shakti, which lies dormant and is coiled at the base of the spine like a serpent. It is the energy of awareness and recognition in any human form. Kundalini yoga is meant to rouse the sleeping Kundalini Shakti from its coiled function on the spinal base thru a chain of 6 chakras, and penetrate the 7th chakra, or the crown. The purpose of this form of yoga via day by day exercise of kriyas and meditation in sadhana is said to be a sensible era of human focus to achieve their last innovative capability. Practicing this Kundalini Yoga often, leads one to be liberated from one’s Karma and to realize their motive in existence (Dharma).

Nada Yoga:

The basic principle at the back of Nada Yoga is that the entire universe and all its inhabitants consist of sound vibrations or nadas (Sanskrit, ‘nad’ manner sound). ‘Nada’ resonates to the sound of ‘Om’, that is the primitive shape of electricity. Nada yoga practices types of exercise summoning the union of the self with God, via sound or tune. The N?Da yoga machine divides sound or music into two categories: inner sound, anahata, and outside sound, ahata. In Nada yoga, the character focuses his interest on the ‘anahata’ nada or the internal sound. The attention is to be mainly on the sound that is produced inside the human body and not on any external vibrations. The aspirant reports a sense of stillness, which infuses a capacity to reconnect with the soul or the ‘atman’. Nada yoga assists in tuning ourselves to all the sounds, ultimately immersing oneself with the cosmic sound, ‘Om’. Yoga Sutras of Patanjali states that, the mantra ‘Om’ is “the sound that expresses the Supreme Being, which have to be time and again chanted even as on the same time soaking up its which means.”

Jnana yoga:

Jnana (knowledge or understanding) is the maximum difficult course to achieve in Yoga and calls for fantastic power of will and intellect. The number one intention of this shape of yoga is to turn out to be liberated from the deceptive international of maya (thoughts and perceptions) and to obtain union of the internal Self (Atman) with the oneness of all existence (Brahman). This is completed with the aid of continuously training the intellectual techniques of self-questioning, contemplation and conscious illumination stated within the sadhana chatushtaya (Four Pillars of Knowledge). These Four Pillars are the stairs toward attaining liberation. Continuous practice of these steps would domesticate non secular perception, expertise and decrease suffering and dissatisfaction in life. The 4 steps are:

Viveka (discernment, discrimination) – deliberate highbrow effort to differentiate between the permanent and the temporary and Self and no longer-Self

Vairagya (detachment) – The mind wishes to be detached from cloth gadgets to gain Yoga

Shatsampat (six virtues) – six intellectual practices of calmness, restraint, renunciation, patience, believe and consciousness to stabilize the mind and emotions

Mumukshutva (craving) – passionate desire for liberation from struggling.
It is similarly essential to exercise humility and compassion on the route of self-awareness.

Bhakti Yoga:

Bhakti (devotion or love) Yoga is one of the 4 main paths to attain enlightenment. This shape of yoga endeavors to unite the bhakta (aspirant) with the Divine. Bhakti Yoga is stated to be the easiest and the most direct technique to experience the cohesion of mind, body and spirit. Bhakti Yoga calls for handiest an open, loving coronary heart, while Hatha Yoga requires a robust and flexible frame, Raja Yoga calls for a disciplined and concentrated mind, and Jnana Yoga calls for a eager intellect. Bhakti Yoga complements different paths of yoga well, and it’s miles stated that jnana (know-how or wisdom) will emerge when you immerse your self within the devotional practices of Bhakti Yoga.

Hatha yoga

Hatha (Ha-sun; tha- moon) yoga refers to balancing the masculine aspects-energetic, hot, solar-and female factors-receptive, cool, moon-within absolutely everyone. It creates a path in the direction of stability and uniting the alternative forces. It strives to achieve the union of mind and frame by using a chain of asanas (postures) and pranayama (respiration sporting activities) as described in historical Hindu texts. These practices help prompt the Kundalini strength and purify the body of negative mind. It could be very popular shape of Yoga inside the Western international presently.

By practising Hatha Yoga, we increase a balance of power and versatility bodily. Additionally, we learn to manipulate our mind by balancing our physical efforts and giving ourselves to the pose. Hatha yoga is a strong manner to achieve for self-transformation. We learn the technological know-how of controlling our breath which in turn allows us to manipulate the wanderings of our mind.

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